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Additional resources for Agricultural Policies for Poverty Reduction
Source: FAO (1999); WDI (2008); IMF, 2008, national sources. 1787/888932552323 feature is that agriculture's share of GDP has declined in all countries, including those with a strong comparative advantage in agricultural activities. 4 We can also look at more recent changes across three continents. 3 shows the declines in agriculture's share of GDP since 1980 in selected African, Asian and Latin American countries (Panels A, B and C respectively). In Latin America, agriculture's share of GDP has declined to less than 10% of the total in most countries, and is less than 20% in nearly all countries.
The proposed framework suggests potential roles for government policy in providing the optimal balance of opportunities both within and outside agriculture. 1). Rural poverty has fallen dramatically, as have hunger and malnutrition, while agricultural production has increased and a new class of commercially viable farmers has emerged. 1. Thailand's agriculture: Transition and sustained growth The agricultural transformation Since 1960 Thailand has transformed from agrarian country to an urbanised economy based around manufacturing and services.
More recently the state has promoted certification to allow farmers to develop premium domestic markets; Government has sought to promote agricultural exports through active participation in trade talks, in multilateral, regional and bilateral negotiations. Although agriculture was heavily taxed in the early stages of industrialisation, the state had the wisdom to ease this subsequently, once manufacturing was not so dependent on farming for resources. Source: Material provided to OECD by Leturque and Wiggins (2010).
Agricultural Policies for Poverty Reduction by OECD Publishing