America Inc.?: Innovation and Enterprise in the National by Linda Weiss PDF

By Linda Weiss

ISBN-10: 0801452686

ISBN-13: 9780801452680

For greater than part a century, the USA has led the area in constructing significant applied sciences that force the fashionable economic climate and underpin its prosperity. In America, Inc., Linda Weiss attributes the U.S. capability for transformative innovation to the power of its nationwide safety nation, a fancy of enterprises, courses, and hybrid preparations that has built round the establishment of everlasting safety preparedness and the pursuit of technological supremacy. She examines how that advanced emerged and the way it has developed in accordance with altering geopolitical threats and family political constraints, from the chilly battle interval to the post-9/11 era.

Weiss specializes in state-funded enterprise capital cash, new varieties of expertise procurement via security and security-related businesses, and innovation in robotics, nanotechnology, and renewable power because the Eighties. Weiss argues that the nationwide defense kingdom has been the crucible for step forward ideas, a catalyst for entrepreneurship and the formation of latest enterprises, and a collaborative community coordinator for private-sector projects. Her publication appraises continual myths in regards to the military-commercial dating on the middle of the nationwide safeguard nation. Weiss additionally discusses the consequences for figuring out U.S. capitalism, the yank country, and the way forward for American primacy as financialized agencies curtail funding in production and innovation.

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Henceforth, the armed services could undertake developmental projects in partnership with the private sector through contractual arrangements that transferred the cost and risk from private actors to the federal government. The act gave the armed services authority to negotiate contracts using either 30 Chapter 2 a fixed-fee or a cost-plus-fixed-fee arrangement. Contracting reforms were most important because they allowed the armed services to steer developmental projects throughout the private sector while protecting private-sector partners from risk.

15 Constructed as organizational hybrids for Rise of National Security State as Tech. Enterprise 27 conducting research and developing technologies, in addition to sponsoring entrepreneurship and commercializing innovations (since the 1980s), these government-owned, privately operated labs have come to play a much broader role in the NSS innovation story than is conventionally conveyed by the term “R&D” (chapter 7). Similar public-private fusions were engineered by the DoD in its bid to outstrip the Soviet Union.

Commenting on this early history, Bernstein notes that Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson hoped to legitimize the research at the Chemical Warfare Service by naming civilians as monitors and that senior Army officials preferred the establishment of a civilian agency with ties to the armed services. Stimson’s reasoning behind this “civilianizing” policy is instructive: “Entrusting the matter to a civilian agency . . would help in preventing the public from being exercised over any ideas that the War Department might be contemplating the use of this weapon offensively” (Bernstein 1987, 117).

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America Inc.?: Innovation and Enterprise in the National Security State by Linda Weiss

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