By Overgaard, Søren; Burwood, Stephen; Gilbert, Paul
What's philosophy? How should still we do it? Why should still we trouble to? those are the categories of questions addressed via metaphilosophy - the philosophical examine of the character of philosophy itself. scholars of philosophy at the present time are confronted with a complicated and daunting array of philosophical equipment, methods and types and likewise deep divisions comparable to the infamous rift among analytic and Continental philosophy. This e-book takes readers via an entire variety of ways - analytic as opposed to Continental, scientistic as opposed to humanistic, 'pure' as opposed to utilized - permitting them to find and comprehend those other ways of doing philosophy. truly and accessibly written, it's going to stimulate mirrored image on philosophical perform and may be helpful for college kids of philosophy and different philosophically vulnerable readers
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Additional info for An introduction to metaphilosophy
The difficulty of the philosophical exercise and the constant allure of the world of shadows may explain why philosophy has made scant progress, and the Platonist might regard the traditional project of conceptual analysis as fairly close to the sort of thing philosophers ought to be doing. : 132. 36 Plato 1989: Republic 517b–c. 35 Platonism it seems the Platonist has little difficulty providing answers to our two questions. Among contemporary philosophers, however, it is not easy to find anyone openly advocating Platonism, at least of the full-blown sort considered here.
So it would be wrong to assume that philosophers always resign themselves to conceding that their subject never makes any progress. Rather, when they suggest how philosophy should be practised we expect them to be able to say why previous ways of practising it were unproductive. And, indeed, those who thought of the revolution offered by explicit conceptual analysis could offer an explanation in terms of their predecessors’ lack of clarity about their aims and methods. Thus an account of how to philosophise aright needs to show either why a certain sort of progress should not be expected or how lack of progress can be overcome.
64 Augustine 1961: 264. Cf. Merleau-Ponty 1964a: 3. 65 Cf. Heidegger 1962: 32. 59 60 Philosophy as transcendental inquiry things in everyday contexts. 66 Second, many continental philosophers, including phenomenologists such as Husserl and (less markedly) Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty, understand philosophy as a transcendental sort of inquiry. 67 To phrase it slightly differently, transcendental philosophers reflect on our (first-order) knowledge with a view to unveiling the ‘conditions of possibility’ of such knowledge.
An introduction to metaphilosophy by Overgaard, Søren; Burwood, Stephen; Gilbert, Paul