By Gerard Hughes
Hughes explains the foremost parts in Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics terminology and highlights the debate in regards to the interpretations of his writings. furthermore, he examines the function that Aristotle's ethics proceed to play in modern ethical philosophy by way of evaluating and contrasting his perspectives with these generally held this day.
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Extra resources for Aristoteles # Hughes, Philosophy Guidebook to Aristotle on Ethics BB
Aristotle might wish to suggest, by way of contrast, that if the mother were asked why she had spent so much time and effort on her children and on her clients, she would not say that in the end she did it because she enjoyed it; she would say that she did it because she could think of nothing more worthwhile. ) Enjoyment, even a ‘higher’ enjoyment, is not the point. A fulfilled life, then, is not just a set of actions; it is a set of actions performed by someone who does them because they correctly see the point of doing them.
Of course, 23 we may use a geranium to cheer up the living-room; but the function 24 – the ergon – of the geranium itself is not to be decorative, but 25 to produce leaves and flowers and seeds; that is what it is naturally 26 organized to do. Things in general can work properly, or not: dialysis 27 machines can purify blood completely, or only partially, or not at all; 28 musicians can play out of tune or without rhythm; geraniums can wilt 29 or fail to flower. 30 Humans are organisms, and hence they too will have an inbuilt 31 function (ergon) and an inbuilt goal (telos) which is achieved when 32 they function properly.
Obviously, an answer to (1) will mention all kinds of activities, including brushing one’s teeth, going shopping, paying bills, catching trains and taking the dog for a walk, as well as what we might think of as ‘higher’ activities like spending time with one’s friends, or enjoying the company of one’s family, studying philosophy, or doing voluntary work in the local hospital. Not all of these activities will be sensible answers to (2). Suppose, for the sake of argument, we answer (2) by saying ‘spending time with those who are closest to us, and raising money for Oxfam’.
Aristoteles # Hughes, Philosophy Guidebook to Aristotle on Ethics BB by Gerard Hughes