By Nathalie Karagiannis
Post-colonial ecu politics have gone through profound alterations. developing an highbrow historical past of eu improvement discourse, this booklet brings jointly post-structuralist and important methods to figuring out improvement. Nathalie Karagiannis analyses 3 keyword phrases of ecu improvement discourse: ‘responsibility’, ‘efficiency’ and ‘giving’. Situating those phrases in a concrete historical past of ecu post-colonial politics, the writer exhibits how eu coverage has shifted from accepting accountability for colonialism – built because it is at the paternalistic version of the reward – to a extra amnesiac politics within which post-colonial nations are accountable for their very own destiny. during this method, Karagiannis illustrates that potency has turn into the overriding objective of improvement, and that the connection among ‘developed’ and ‘developing’ international locations is especially outlined by means of issues relating marketplace capitalism.
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Extra info for Avoiding Responsibility: The Politics and Discourse of European Development Policy
THE AMERICAN LEAP OVER THE SOCIAL QUESTION ‘Born equal’ The refusal to face its domestic social question is a very signiﬁcant part of America’s self-understanding. Americans are ‘born equal’, wrote a fascinated Tocqueville on his return from the US, and he was talking about a society where the inheritance of a pursuit of liberty had crossed the ocean without being accompanied by a feudal ethos. 43 And whether Europeans wholeheartedly enthused in the results of the American Revolution, or whether they later sometimes deplored American vulgarity or Karagiannis 01 chap01 34 29/3/04 4:38:28 pm Out of America 35 bourgeois commonness, they always did it from a vantage point that took this freedom to be self-evident.
If the European messianic spirit is anything to go by, if the echoes of European Enlightenment can still be heard in development discourse, then the fact that this spirit arose against a previously oppressive way of life, and that it ‘betrayed an inescapable element of doubt’70 accompany it as well. Doubt is another word for the acceptance of ambiguity, and it is this doubt, or this ambiguity, which is the historical, intellectual baggage of Europe. Looking succinctly at Europe’s understanding of the relation between principles and their application, at its view of internal social conﬂicts and at its understanding of community, ﬂeshes out Europe’s contrast to the US.
61 The purely negative expression of this double collapsing of America into the (only possible) good and of the others into America, is the old fear of infection from the outside; or the threat. Such a fear is not particular to America, and Mathy has shown the fright that European intellectuals have occasionally expressed over the possibility that the Old Continent may be invaded by the polluted germs from across the ocean; more signiﬁcantly, this rhetoric has recently emerged in other parts of the world as well.
Avoiding Responsibility: The Politics and Discourse of European Development Policy by Nathalie Karagiannis