By Michael Decker, Miltos Ladikas, S. Stephan, Katharina Mader
This booklet summarises the result of the venture TAMI (Technology evaluation in Europe; among process and Impact); a two-year undertaking that introduced jointly the most institutes of know-how review in Europe, either parliamentary and non-parliamentary ones. TAMI created a dependent discussion among know-how overview specialists and policymakers on present methodologies and their impression in policymaking.
The TAMI staff explored and assessed the total spectrum of methodologies from the "classical" to the "interactive/participatory" and "communicative", pointed out solid practices in undertaking implementation and set the degree for effect overview according to aim standards. in addition the crew investigated wider influencing elements in know-how evaluation, starting from "institutional settings" to "lobbying activities", "industry know-how overview" and "cultural elements" which are additionally awarded intimately. eventually the booklet deals a chain of coverage ideas in accordance with the findings of the undertaking.
Science, Society and coverage, are 3 parts that expertise evaluate services inside and works for; this publication is an try and increase the interplay among them for a extra socially and economically sustainable technological know-how and expertise coverage in Europe.
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Additional resources for Bridges between Science, Society and Policy: Technology Assessment — Methods and Impacts
Moreover, a media analysis, to investigate positions in the debate and the public resonance to a specific topic, can support such a discourse analysis as well as expert interviews and expert or stakeholder surveys, which should help clarify arguments and positions. The analysis of relevant documents complements the situation appreciation. Situation appreciation is of crucial importance, as is illustrated by the examples below, because improper assessments will lead to projects contributing to solutions to irrelevant problems.
For example, in the case of a project aimed at gaining knowledge about a new technology and its consequences, it might be appropriate to invite experts only. The question will thus be which disciplines or scientific institutions need to be represented. In a project aimed at solving social conflicts, it is crucial to invite stakeholders or citizens. The task is to identify whose interests are at stake and which persons have the legitimacy to represent these interests. This can be realized either by democratic elections, by authorization of groups by concerned people or groups or by formal procedures of equal opportunities (ex.
TA relevant questions are different in the various phases of the innovation cycle, as well as there being different stakeholders and social groups involved. Accordingly, fitting TA questions to the development phase of the respective technology and to the corresponding decision-making requirements is an essential element of situation appreciation. Following the widely used model of the innovation chain, and adding the notion of an embedded technological system, we could identify the following different functions ofTA.
Bridges between Science, Society and Policy: Technology Assessment — Methods and Impacts by Michael Decker, Miltos Ladikas, S. Stephan, Katharina Mader