By Dr. med. vet. Bernhard M. Thimm (auth.)
rope it used to be usually the states of the northern and centrat ecu components which succeeded achieve the extermi state or at the very least the regression of brucellosis. (The origi nal plan to offer the stipulations in Asia and Oceania, in cluding Australia, in maps as weil, and thereby to accomplish a finished all over the world overview of the recognized and as certainable distribution of brucellosis, was once no longer, even if, possible. ) details on hand from those components of the area, specially from Asia, is so fragmentary that the good fee required for the compilation of the map didn't appear justified. nevertheless it appeared fascinating to collate and rfile those facts which have been ac quired as a foundation for destiny examine. it truly is tobe was hoping that, at a later date, while extra accomplished info turn into on hand, the Heidelberg Academy should be in a position to choose to aid a cartographic presentation of the incidence of brucellosis in those components of the area as weil. final, yet no longer least, the in depth study performed via bacteriologists had ended in the invention of latest species of Brucella, similar to B. ovis, B. canis and B. neotomae. extra varieties - reminiscent of style four of B. suis which happens in reindeer and caribou - have been pointed out. although those new species and kinds, that are unquestionably to be classed with the brucellae, have accomplished local importance in areas, the 3 dassie species B. melitensis, B. abortus and B.
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Extra info for Brucellosis: Distribution in Man, Domestic and Wild Animals
Mexico. A. and Canada. Cattte (B. abortus ++++) and goats (B. melitensis +++) are regarded as the main animal reservoir. There are also some sporadic incidences of melitensis brucellosis among sheep, and of B. suis among pigs. In Mexico brucellosis constitutes a health problern of medium dimension, which in turn assumes the role of a major economic problem. Besides reports of infections the control measures include the test-and-slaughter method among cattle and the vaccination of calves and lambs.
Unfortunately further reports have not been forthcoming. No information is available in the case of the Peoples' Republic of China. The adjacent states of Mongolia and Hong Kong, however, have a considerable brucellosis problem. It ought therefore to be assumed that China, too, is not free from brucellosis. Investigations by Jezek et al. (1974) showed another epicentre of B. melitensis in the Mongolian Peop/es' Repub/ic. Here the infected and rather weak lambs, bom in the wintry conditions of spring and taken to the shelter of tents by the nomads, are the main source of brucellosis infection, especially among children.
Equine Vet J 5/3:1-V Di Stanislao F, RengaG (1977) L'endemia Brucellare Nelle Marche. Nuovi Ann Ig Microbiol 28/6:407-427 Dziubek Z (1980) Patogeneza Zaburzen Funkcji Plciowych u Me:iczyzn z Przewlekla Brucelaoza. Przeg Epid 34/ I: 1-9 France. Ministere de la Sante (1977) Brucellosis Surveillance. Bulletin hebdomadaire d'information epidemiologique 14. Cit. in: Wkly Epidem Rec 31:258 German Federal Republic (1971) La situation epizootique et les mesures de lutte contre les epizooties dans la Republique Federale d'Allemagne.
Brucellosis: Distribution in Man, Domestic and Wild Animals by Dr. med. vet. Bernhard M. Thimm (auth.)