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Additional info for Budgeting Practices and Procedures in OECD Countries
Eleven countries have between 300 and 1000 line items (Australia, Czech Republic, Greece, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, New Zealand, Slovenia, Sweden and Switzerland). Four countries have between 1000 and 2000 (Denmark, Estonia, Norway, the USA) while eight countries have 2000 line items or more, of which Spain has 16 700, Japan has 23 000 and Turkey and Portugal have more than 40 000. There have been some remarkable changes since 2007: Austria, Italy, Slovak Republic, Slovenia and the UK report that they have reduced the line item numbers considerably.
6. Use of value-for-money analysis on capital projects (Q43) PPP Absolute VfM analysis (CBA/CEA) TIP Absolute VfM analysis (CBA/CEA) PPP Relative VfM analysis (comparators) TIP Relative VfM analysis (comparators) 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Yes for all projects For projects above a certain threshold On ad hoc basis or other No or not applicable Note: Number of OECD countries out of 33 participating countries. 7. Specific tools used in value-for-money analysis (Q45) PPP TIP 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Net present Internal rate of Qualitative Analysis of value return expert opinion capacity/ willingness of users to pay Payback period Residual income Not applicable Note: Percentage of participating OECD countries (33).
Sectoral ceilings are an indication of the government’s policy priorities and should take into account existing programmes, previous policy commitments, and new initiatives that the government intends to launch. Ceilings at a line-item level are commonly associated with traditional bottom-up budgeting systems and the use of input controls by the Ministry of Finance. The more sub-ceilings are defined, the less top-down the system becomes; ministries lose the ability to apply their expertise as the Ministry of Finance becomes involved in more points of detail.
Budgeting Practices and Procedures in OECD Countries by Oecd