Congested roads waste commuters' time, expense them funds, and degrade the surroundings. such a lot americans agree that traffic jam is the main challenge of their communities—and it basically looks getting worse. during this revised and elevated variation of his landmark paintings Stuck in Traffic, Anthony Downs examines the advantages and prices of assorted anticongestion options. Drawing on an important physique of study through transportation specialists and land-use planners, he counters environmentalists and street lobbyists alike by means of explaining why probably uncomplicated suggestions, comparable to increasing public transit or increasing roads, have unintentional effects that cancel out their obvious benefits. He argues that whereas there should be a few measurable earnings from expanding housing densities, such a lot different land-use options have little influence. certainly, the main robust suggestions, together with larger fuel taxes, elevated public investment for transit, and street tolls, also are the least palatable politically. St ill caught in site visitors contains new fabric at the motives of congestion, its dynamics, and its relative occurrence in quite a few elements of the rustic. In transparent and sensible phrases, Downs seeks to discover why traffic jam has turn into a part of glossy American lifestyles and the way it may be saved less than control.